Although the trip westward from Europe to the east via the Strait of Magellan had been discovered and mapped, the journey was too long and dangerous to become a practical route to the Spice Islands. He was able to show that Brazil was not part of Asia. At the news that the ocean had been sighted, the iron-willed admiral reportedly broke down and cried with joy.
Hernando de Soto c. This navigation led to a direct route from the European continent to India. Yet without control of Malacca, their achievement was incomplete. He took part, on February 2—3,in the great Battle of Diuin which the Portuguese defeated a Muslim fleet and thereby gained supremacy over most of the Indian Ocean.
Exploring for Spain Spain and Portugal were both great powers at this time. He orbited the earth on his Vostok spacecraft in April The king refused his petition repeatedly. Born in France and with his family being mariners, de Champlain helped found Quebec City and New France in what is today located in Canada.
Contribution to Navigation Once he was older, Vasco da Gama joined the Portuguese navy where he learned to navigate. He then returned back after successful trade exchanges in Magellan and Faleiro were appointed joint captains general of an expedition directed to seek an all-Spanish route to the Moluccas.
Little was known about the geography beyond South America at that time, and Magellan optimistically estimated that the trip across the Pacific would be rapid.
On March 22,their proposal received royal assent. Their route to the east, by way of Africa, had proved to be the only practical way of getting by sea to India and the Spice Islands. The ships were old ones, not in the best condition or fitted as Magellan would have liked.
A long voyage northward through the Pacific followed, and it was only on March 6,that the fleet finally anchored at Guam. Ibn also visited parts of Eastern Europe.
With resolution, ruthlessness, and daring, Magellan quelled it: Early in Magellan renewed his petition; the king, refusing once more, told him he might offer his services elsewhere.
They stayed there from March to August He was the first person to reach the South Poleand eventually also reached the North Pole by air He discovered the Philippines where we was also killed in what is known as the Battle of Mactan.
There its crew was jailed by the Portuguese, and only four men later returned to Spain. Nevertheless, the new Portuguese governor in India, Afonso de Albuquerquedid so, and the city fell to the Portuguese on November This idea did not originate with him; others had sought a passage by which vessels sailing continuously westward would reach the East and thus avoid the African Cape of Good Hopewhich was controlled by the Portuguese.
So he did cover the entire terrain, but it was not a strict point A to point A, round-the-world trip, and it was made in two different directions.
During this time the master of the San Antonio deserted and sailed back to Spain, and so only three of the original five ships entered the Pacific on November Not only was he an officer and explorer, he was also a conservationist, filmmaker, photographer, and scientist.
Tortured by thirst, stricken by scurvy, feeding on rat-fouled biscuits, and finally reduced to eating the leather off the yardarms, the crews, driven first by the Peru Current and throughout the voyage by the relentless determination of Magellan, made the great crossing of the Pacific.
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SET CONSISTS OF THE FOLLOWING SUBJECTS. John de Plano Carpini c.
- Italian, Marco Polo - Venetian, Leif Ericsson Tenth Century A.D. - Norseman, Ibn Batuta - Arab, Francis Xavier - Spanish, Christopher Columbus - Italian employed by Spain, Vasco da Gama c. - Portuguese, Ferdinand Magellan - Portuguese.
This is a list of maritime explorers. The list includes explorers which had contributed, and continue to contribute to human knowledge of the planet's geography, weather, biodiversity, human cultures, the expansion of trade, or established communication between diverse populations.
Famous explorer Vasco da Gama was born in Sines, Portugal around The King commissioned him in to find a maritime-route to the East of the country.
His breakthrough proved to be among the most instrumental highlights in navigation history. Early life and travels Ferdinand Magellan was born in Oporto, Portugal, in His parents were members of the Portuguese nobility, and the young Magellan found himself in .The portuguese explorers ferdinand magellan