For the most part, nineteenth century families were large and patriarchal. There was peace abroad apart from the short Crimean war, —56and social peace at home.
Burial of the dead was a more troubling problem, for urban chapels had no graveyards, and Nonconformists sought to use the traditional graveyards controlled by the established church. In the late 19th century, the New Dissenters mostly switched to the Liberal Party.
Even more important were political reforms, especially the lifting of disabilities on nonconformists and Roman Catholics, and above all, the reform of Parliament and elections to introduce democracy and replace the old system whereby senior aristocrats controlled dozens of seats in parliament.
The first quarter of the 19th century involved numerous experiments with locomotives and rail technology. Fanque also stands out as a black man who achieved great success and enjoyed great admiration among the British public only a few decades after Britain had abolished slavery.
The working class ignored foreign agitators like Karl Marx in their midst, and joined in celebrating the new prosperity.
Bebbington, The Nonconformist Conscience. One more important innovation in communications was the Penny Blackthe first postage stamp, which standardised postage to a flat price regardless of distance sent.
The New Dissenters and also the Anglican evangelicals stressed personal morality issues, including sexuality, temperance, family values, and Sabbath -keeping.
Population The Victorian era was a time of unprecedented population growth in Britain. The permanent structure sustained three fires but as an institution lasted a full century, with Andrew Ducrow and William Batty managing the theatre in the middle part of the century.
Technology, science and engineering The railways changed communications and society dramatically The Victorians were impressed by science and progress and felt that they could improve society in the same way as they were improving technology. The Victorian Compromise was a combination of the positive and negative aspects of the Victorian Age: The railways directly or indirectly employed tens of thousands of engineers, mechanics, repairmen and technicians, as well as statisticians and financial planners.
Minor reforms followed in and The new railways all allowed goods, raw materials, and people to be moved about, rapidly facilitating trade and industry.
Britain was the first country to undergo the Demographic transition and the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions. The compulsory factor was finally abolished in by William Ewart Gladstoneand payment was made voluntary.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria 's reign, from 20 June until her death on 22 January The era followed the Georgian era and preceded the Edwardian era, and its later half overlaps with the first part of.
The Victorian Era saw the introduction and development of many modern sports.
Often originating in the public schools, they exemplified new ideals of manliness.  Cricket,  cycling, croquet, horse-riding, and many water activities are examples of some of the popular sports in the Victorian Era.
Introduction. This first issue of History in Focus looks at Victorian history and the resources available to study it. To find issues on other topics, go to our home page. In this issue. Article Overview of the Victorian Era.
by Anne Shepherd. Queen Victoria () was the first English monarch to see her name given to the period of her reign whilst still living ().The Victorian Age was characterised by rapid change and developments in nearly every sphere - from advances in medical, scientific and technological knowledge to changes in population growth and location.
Period Introduction Overview The Victorian Age, During the Victorian Age, England changed as much and as dramatically as it had in all of its previous history. Introduction. Victorian Literature is the literature produced during the reign of Queen Victoria () A.D.
During this time, England was undergoing a tremendous cultural upheaval; the accepted forms of literature, art and music had undergone a radical change.An introduction to the history of the victorian era