An analysis of the trojan war in ancient greece literature

Nevertheless, Achilles was determined to slay Hector and a host of Trojans besides. The Greek army, however, was full of heroes. Ajax took up the challenge, and in the fight Ajax slightly bested Hector.

Ancient Greek literature

In the traditional accounts, Parisson of the Trojan king, ran off with Helenwife of Menelaus of Spartawhose brother Agamemnon then led a Greek expedition against Troy. The odious character which the poet attributes to the Spartan king Menelaus has been seen as according with the feeling against Sparta which prevailed in Athens at the time the play was written, during the early years of the Peloponnesian War between the two city-states.

While Zeus was engaged Poseidon entered the fray and made the Trojans retreat. P Coleridge Internet Classics Archive: He basically invented the study of history, by asking the question: Apollo gave her the gift of prophecy while trying to make love to her, but she had taken a vow of chastity and resisted him.

Achilles then gave up Briseis, but in his wounded pride he decided to withdraw from the war.

Trojan War

Athena offered to give him wisdom and an invincible valor in warfare. After his death, some sources say she was exiled to the island of Rhodes, where a vengeful war widow had her hanged. Homer was probably one of the first generation of authors who were also literate, as the Greek alphabet was introduced in the early 8th Century BCE, and the language used in his epic poems is an archaic version of Ionic Greek, with admixtures from certain other dialects such as Aeolic Greek.

The Trojan resistance was ineffectual. Despite the misgivings of his wife, Andromachethe Trojan hero, Hectorson of King Priamchallenges the Greek warrior-hero Ajax to single combat, and is almost overcome in battle. The Spartan king Menelaus enters and protests to the women that he came to Troy to revenge himself on Paris and not to take back Helenbut Helen is nevertheless to return to Greece where a death sentence awaits her.

The two warriors parted after exchanging gifts. And having propitiated Athena, Menelaus was able to sail to Sparta with Helen, returning a rich man. The king goes along with this scheme, and Helen and Menelaus use the opportunity to escape on the boat given to them for the ritual. He engaged Mopsus in a contest of prophecy, which he lost.

The next day the Greeks were forced back to the beach, and Agamemnon, Odysseus, and Diomedes were wounded. Calchas told them they needed the bow and arrows of Heracles to win the war.

But the entire legend of the Trojan War bears that same tragic stamp. Orestes to whom Hermione had been promised as wife some years ago consents and Hermione is escorted away by her kinsman.

Finally, they turn to their own wits and work out a stratagem that wins the war. Yet she willingly allowed herself to be sacrificed for the Greek cause. No one believed Cassandra anyhow.

Trojan War

The situation seemed hopeless. Achilles received the deputation from Agamemnon courteously, but refused the offer.

As the dawn comes, the dethroned Trojan queen Hecuba awakens in the Greek camp to mourn her tragic fate and curse Helen as the cause, and the Chorus of captive Trojan women echoes her cries. Achilles managed to kill the Amazon Queen, Penthesileia, in the battles that followed.

Agamemnon had taken the daughter of a priest of Apollo as a trophy of war, and when her father came to ransom her Agamemnon sent him off without her. One might think that a race which values courage in battle to the degree the Greeks did would be blind to the squalor of war.

Resources English translation by E. In fact, both Aeneas and Hector had to be rescued with divine help. Essay on Analysis Of Homer 's ' The Odyssey ' - Violence in The Odyssey Violence in literature may take any form, whether it be natural disaster like and earthquake or a human based disaster like war.

A product of Greece’s Dark Ages, Homer’s epic the Iliad centered on the last days of the Trojan War, a war initiated by the love of a beautiful woman, Helen. It brought an array of heroes such as Achilles, Hector, and Paris to generations of Greek youth.

Greek literature

In the tale of the Trojan War, the heroic and tragic elements are blended. This is perhaps the finest legend of Greek culture. The chief heroes of this story, Achilles and Hector, were doomed to a premature and violent death, but there was a measure of grandeur in their code of honor and in their defiance of fate.

“The Iliad” (Gr: “Iliás”) is an epic poem by the ancient Greek poet Homer, which recounts some of the significant events of the final weeks of the Trojan War and the Greek siege of the city of Troy (which was also known as Ilion, Ilios or Ilium in ancient times).

Trojan War: Art & Literature Troy and the Trojan War became a staple myth of Classical Greek and Roman literature and were revisited many times by writers in works such as Aeschylus ’ Agamemnon, Euripedes’ Trojan Women, and Virgil ’s Aenid.

The Spartan queen, Helen, who has languished for years in Egypt while the events of the Trojan War and its aftermath played out, learns from the exiled Greek Teucer that her husband, King Menelaus, has drowned on his return from Troy.

This now puts her in the position of being available for marriage, and Theoclymenus (now the king of Egypt after the death of his father, King Proteus) fully intends to take .

An analysis of the trojan war in ancient greece literature
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Andromache - Euripides - Ancient Greece - Classical Literature